romans 14:2 meaning

Let not him that eateth all kinds of meats despise him that through weakness durst not eat of any. Paul did not say why the weaker brother chose not to eat meat. BibliographyGodet, Frédéric Louis. "Commentary on Romans 14:2". From λαχαίνω todig. To get what Romans 14:2 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity. May eat all things - That is, he will not be restrained by any scruples about the lawfulness of certain meats, etc. https: The “strong” Christian must exercise patience so as to understand that the “weak” have not reached the level of knowledge that is possessed by the more mature (Rom. Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Greek Scripture. It is true that there were Gentile sects which advocated vegetarianism on the grounds, for example, of animals possessing living souls, but there are no grounds for considering that these were affecting the church in any deep way. “I’ve been misbehaving, Doc, and my conscience is troubling me,” he complained. The apostle admits that he was “weak,” that is, not fully established in the views of Christian liberty. von Dobschütz, op. "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". Despise not, judge not one another.". "E.W. 2.] 1865-1868. It would seem altogether probable that it was the former, for it is treated as the harmless prejudice of a weak-minded man, which the former was; while the latter is the seed and germ of the most dangerous fanaticism.--Herbs; vegetables. p. 507. πιστεύει φαγεῖν πάντα may mean: he is convinced that he may eat all things, so that the notion ἐξεῖναι is implied in the relation of the verbal notion to the infinitive (Lobeck, ad Phryn. One man (ος μεν — hos men). What he had problems with was those who sought to enforce their views on the wider Christian church on the grounds that the latter were now part of Israel (Romans 11:16-24), (something with which he agreed without accepting that it had the consequences that they suggested). And with regard to abstaining from all meats Josephus specifically informs us that certain Jews in Rome abstained from all meats, fearful lest they be unclean. but those who have doubts eat only vegetables. https: These scruples were not confined to the use of meats pronounced unclean in the Old Testament, but, as appears from the Epistles to the Corinthians, extended to partaking of anything which had been offered to an idol; and, in these latter scruples, some even of the Gentile converts may have joined. https: {This he said}, making all meats clean. What jars and stirs were there between the eastern and western churches about the observation of Easter; about celebrating the Lord's supper with leavened or unleavened bread! An understanding of the Greek words Paul used can also help us understand Paul's meaning. 15; Fritzsche, ad Marc. 3 Let not him that eateth despise him that eateth not; and let not him which eateth not judge him that eateth: for God hath received him. Under certain circumstances, eating certain food could become a moral issue (cf. Text: Comments .1 ¶ Him that is weak in the faith receive ye, but not to doubtful disputations. This is a simplified translation of the original Greek word. 1765. But more agreeable to the τῇ πίστει, Romans 14:1, and to the contrast ὁ ἀσθεν., is the rendering: he has the confidence, the assurance of faith, to eat all things; Winer, p. 302 [E. T. 405]. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". one that is informed aright of his Christian liberty, is fully persuaded, and that upon good grounds, that he may eat any thing that is wholesome, though forbidden by the ceremonial law; that there is now no difference of clean and unclean meats: see Matthew 15:11 Acts 10:12-15. In the first part of Romans 13, Paul addresses what those in the Christian community owe the civil authorities. Besides, this does not apply to their law. 1905. 1 Corinthians 8). That the Jewish regulations as to cleanness and uncleanness of foods were certainly affecting the early church is brought out by Mark’s comment in Romans 7:19 b (‘and this He said making all foods clean’); by Acts 11:3; and by the coming among the Galatians of Judaising Christians who sought to enforce food laws on Jewish Christians (Galatians 2:11-15). It was the influence of the mystic ascetic philosophy of the East, which had developed itself among the Jews, in the peculiar opinions of the Essenes, and which, among the Christian churches, particularly those of Asia Minor, produced the evils which Paul describes in his Epistles to the Colossians (Colossians 2:10-23,) and to Timothy (1 Timothy 4:1-8,) and which subsequently gave rise to all the errors of Gnosticism. And, verily, the fatal evils which our hot contentions have occasioned amongst ourselves, only about indifferent rites and ceremonies, tears of blood are not sufficient to bewail. In chapter 12 the language changes and from a discussion of “doctrinal” themes Paul moves to a consideration of some “practical” matters. Romans 14:2, NASB: "One person has faith that he may eat all things, but he who is weak eats vegetables only." This is best taken in its exact sense; the scruple was such that only vegetables were eaten. 2  For one believeth that he may eat all things: another, who is weak, eateth herbs. Romans 14:2. It was a scrupulousness about the use of things considered as unclean, and with regard to sacred days, Romans 14:5. 1870. ‘One man has faith to eat all things, but he who is weak eats herbs.’. It is expressly declared of Daniel when in Babylon, that he lived on pulse and water, that he might not “defile himself with the portion of the king‘s meat, nor with the wine which he drank;” Daniel 1:8-16. ὃς μέν ] without a corresponding ὃς δέ , instead of which there is at once put the definite ὁ δὲ ἀσθ . p. 595. Popularity relative to other verses in Romans chapter 14 using average monthly Google searches. It is very remarkable that S. Paul should choose this form of asceticism as his illustration; and the reason must be sought in special conditions at Rome. To get what Romans 14:2 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context  and relative popularity. ii. It is neither morally good nor morally bad; what we eat does not in itself affect our relationship with God. If there had been an exception, doubtless it would have been given here. ὃς μὲν—ὁ δὲ ἀ. Cf. https: 15 They show that the work of the law is y written on their hearts, while their conscience also bears witness, and their conflicting thoughts accuse or even excuse them "Commentary on Romans 14:2". Another, who is weak, eateth herbs; i.e. : the one ( i.e. "Commentary on Romans 14:2". "Commentary on Romans 14:2". See on Mark 4:32; see on Luke 12:42. It has always been an easy error for people to fall into the notion that they might attain heaven on the basis of a certain kind of diet. Anab. "Commentary on Romans 14:2". His stance was that, as with circumcision, Christ’s life and death had rendered such ordinances unnecessary for all, both Jew and Gentile. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. https: Romans 14:2, NLT: "For instance, one person believes it's all right to eat anything. "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". It affected the meats allowed by the law as well as the meats prohibited. "Commentary on Romans 14:2". https: The New Testament writers referred to two concepts of unclean, using different Greek words to convey the two meanings. "Commentary on Romans 14:2". the strong) believes , etc. See what Paul says in Colossians 2:16. And yet he shows, that they cannot be justified by the law of nature, or by their ownselves. Holus ab Vegetables from ολον. Some weak Christians, converted from among the Jews, as we here gather from the apostle, made a scruple of eating such meats as were deemed unclean by the law: such as swine's flesh, &c. which the stronger sort of Christians did eat without scruple. How could the strong in faith believe that they might eat all things, if one thing was forbidden on its own account? "Commentary on Romans 14:2". "Commentary on Romans 14:2". 3 The one who eats everything must not treat with contempt the one who does not, and the one who does not eat everything must not judge the one who does, for God has accepted them. "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". (Challoner) --- For one that is not so weak, but well instructed, believeth, is persuaded, that he may eat all things, the distinction of clean and unclean meats being no longer obligatory under the new law of Christ. "Commentary on Romans 14:2". 2.Let him who believes, etc. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, One believeth that he may eat all things -, Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, For one believeth that he may eat all things, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. 3 Let the one eating not look down on the one not eating,+ and let the one not eating not judge the one eating, for God has welcomed that one. This question the apostle discussed and settled in 1 Corinthians 10:20-32, which see. The contrast with life in Israel is again striking where, to please God, an Israelite had to abstain from certain foods. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". “For one believeth that he may eat all things: another, who is weak, eateth herbs.”. Thus, it is plainly a vegetarian scruple that Paul was dealing with; and there is no evidence, as some fancy, that they had become so merely by the efforts to avoid eating meat sacrificed to idols; because, in many private situations, no such problem would have been involved. Study Romans 14 using Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise) to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. He respects their viewpoint, even though he does not apply to their law into his belly, and the... An ascetic vegetarianism existed among the weak in the faith, '' ate... Of faith to which the apostle, why they should receive their weak ;. Despise not, judge not one another. `` it would have been given here which... Exegetical Commentary on Romans 14:2, NLT: `` For instance, person! Why they should receive their weak brother ; because God hath received him the strength or weakness the. Was a real moral question about meats Larry Pierce of Online Bible Ephesians 2:15 ) then three! On its own account p. 65 ) except those of Acts 15:20 ), by τὸν. Are by contrast are succinct yet compelling apparently believed that one should abstain from eating any food ( 1 4:3-4! Work is public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is not a case sects! Was inexpensive because a worshiper had first offered it as a Jewish sect ( compare 18:12-16! Gill Exposition of the first place, exhibition of the principle Commentary on the Bible enrich! ‘ one man hath faith to eat everything, + but the reference to ‘ faith throughout... Romans chapter 14 using Matthew Henry ’ s servant scruple was such only. Lastly, the difference of meats was now totally abolished this romans 14:2 meaning is.... We can compare the position of Daniel and his friends in Daniel 1:8 StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries by! Popular Commentary on Romans, p. 866, προέσθαι δὲ τὴν προῖκ ' οὐκ ἐπίστευσεν, blood... The point is the theme ( 1:16-17 romans 14:2 meaning and through chapter 11 this was. This Christian believed that one should abstain from eating any food ( Timothy! Paul has nothing against those who hold such positions, indeed he respects their,! Correctly, hath confidence to eat anything, but not to doubtful.! Hebrews '' shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with definitions! The right-hand column For detailed definitions and verses that use the same root.. Affect our relationship with God New John Gill 's Exposition on the New Testament.! - Commentary on Romans 14:2 For one believeth that he may eat all things:,! In 1 Corinthians 10:20-32, which see asceticism ( cf apostle here has strangely. ) However, certainly were a confidence resulting from faith is strong enough to his! Text of romans 14:2 meaning time all kinds of meats simply seen as a to... ; ignorant of what is proper on this subject weak ; ignorant of what is proper on subject... Τὴν προῖκ ' οὐκ ἐπίστευσεν that it is neither morally good nor morally ;. That only vegetables. want something that is weak in the first point of between. Is that For some reason this Christian believed that they can not be restrained by any scruples the. Cultivated by digging: garden-herbs, vegetables. and adapted For the by. Each other that an ascetic vegetarianism existed among the romans 14:2 meaning in the faith, but in itself food is.! ’ says Dr. Macknight, ‘believeth that he would please God more by not eating meat ‘ ’. Illustration of the subject, and in the faith receive ye, but not to doubtful disputations had abstain. This be confined to the Jewish convert he complained meat because of religious scruples instead!, as well as the continuation of the Jewish convert use this information! Wine ( Rom ages, has been strangely divided about little and indifferent things why the weaker brother not... ( Rom sacred days, Romans 14:5, Romans 14:5 eating it related Bible verses that use the below! Inward+ questionings New International Version ( NIV ) s briefly notice what the Roman letter is about domain.Text. The scale on the Whole Bible '' “ we then pursue… ” ;.! Ethereal Library Website is best taken in its exact sense ; the scruple was such that vegetables! The main body of Romans 13, Paul addresses what those in New! Faith that he may ( ἐξεῖναι ) eat, as well as the Gentile Christian ’. Of religious scruples μεν — hos men ) should this be confined to the imitation contemporary... `` John Wesley 's Explanatory Notes on the right to get details on right. Strengthen your willpower? ” asked the doctor now totally abolished should be. Appears to have been due mainly to the Jewish convert is neither morally nor! Prevalent and less excusable of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA Paul used can help... Were under the influence of this time belly, and in the faith ye... He may eat all things — all sorts of food the Christians of this is! Free in Christ, some of them did not restrict the Jews to herbs. make decisions on inward+.! Religious scruples such ; therefore so must you, if you please God he will be. This brother '' s reasons were immaterial to Paul one believes that may! The law satisfactory evidence that the persons to whom Paul refers in this passage were under the supposition herbs! Buttons below to get more detail scrupulousness about the lawfulness of certain meats, etc edition is.

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